Orthodontics

 

 

„Orthodontics“ is taught in the following semesters: VII, VIII, IX and X.

TRAINING COURSE ANNOTATION:
The training course in Clinical Orthodontics provides knowledge, skills and competence in diagnosis, prevention and clinical procedures, necessary for comprehensive organization and management of the dental care.

OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE PROGRAM:
To provide young specialists with clinical and diagnostic knowledge and competence for the implement of preventive and therapeutic activities in the dental care management according to the contemporary European standards for medical care.

COURSE PROGRAM TASKS:

  • To equip young specialists with knowledge and skills necessaryfor preventive and diagnostic orthodontic management of patients and to participate in orthodontic treatments with moderate severity;
  • To bequalified for planning complex treatments involving periodontal-orthodontic, prosthetic-orthodontic and orthodontic-surgical collaboration;
  • To identify and diagnose the orthodontic treatment need and properly refer the patients to other specialists;
  • To control the retention period of the orthodontic treatment and carry out conservative-periodontal sanation before the beginning of an orthodontic treatment.

AUXILIARY TEACHING IMPLEMENTS:
Multimedia presentations, graphs, tests, orthodontic clinical cases for discussion and interpretation, models of therapeutic orthodontic appliances.

PRELIMINARY REQUIREMENTS:
Before commencing their education in Orthodontics, the students are required to acquire basic knowledge of human anatomy and physiology, pediatric dental medicine and preclinical prosthetic dental medicine.

EXPECTED RESULTS:
The young specialists are qualified to identify orthodontic malocclusions in early childhood age and to carry out primary orthodontic prevention. They are able to detect early symptoms of orthodontic discrepanciesand malocclusion occurrence and to appoint the proper age for referral to an orthodontic specialist. The dental medicine specialist may participate in the control of mild dental Class I malocclusions with non-extraction treatment; to maintain and sanate the dentition before and during the comprehensive orthodontic treatment.

ACADEMIC GRADING MODE:
Present control, participation in topic presentations, written seminars, written colloquium in test form, practical examination, theoretical and oral examination; state examination.

1. Grade forming – complex evaluation:

  • activity of the student during the educational course in Orthodontics;
  • grading of the patients’ orthodontic dossier documented by the student;
  • practical examination grade;
  • theoretical examination grade.

2. Aspects of the grade forming:

  • Part 1 – participation in discussions and clinical case reviews; – test examination;
  • Part 2 – practical examination grade;
  • Part 3 – theoretical examination grade.

Present control – clinical cases discussion of the students’ group.
Practical examination – biometrical analysis of orthodontic study models in occlusion and wire element bending (Adams’s clasp, Schwarz’s clasp or protrusion spring). Exam duration: 1h 30 min.; discussion and grading – 1h 30 min.
Theoretical examination – one written and two oral questions.

Other – one written colloquium and one written seminar each semester.
State Examination– entry stop test, published in the web site of the Orthodontics Department; two theoretical questions; orthodontic clinical case.

TOPIC OUTLINE OF THE DISCIPLINE:

Semester 7

  • Impression taking and diagnostic models casting;
  • Acquisition of basic orthodontic diagnostic methods – biometrical and radiographical.

Semester 8

  • Fabrication of therapeutical orthodontic appliances and introduction to the basic requirements for laboratory fabrication;
  • Space maintainers and interceptive appliances;
  • Orthodontic treatment plan.

Semester 9

  • Growth and development of the facial skeleton. Growth sites and centres. Growth peaks and completion of the facial growth;
  • Patient admission;
  • Centric occlusion taking, orthodontic analyses submission. Control examination of patients in treatment;
  • Extraoral appliances. Clinical adjustment of orthodontic appliances. Case presentation in front of the students in the group;
  • Control examination of patients in treatment.

Semester 10

  • Interdisciplinary treatment of the orthodontic malocclusions and the cleft palate patients;
  • Preparation and submission of orthodontic analyses. Therapeutic appliance planning;
  • Control examination of patients in treatment;
  • Collaboration of the orthodontist with prosthetists and periodontists in the treatment of malocclusions;
  • Appliance adjustment. Treatment control;
  • Combined orthodontic-surgical treatment.