„Preclinics of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery“ is taught in the following semesters: V and VI.

 

Preclinics of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

 

The discipline "Preclinics of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery" is studied in the V and VI semesters.

OBJECTIVES OF THE CURRICULUM
To prepare students, theoretically and practically, for independent work concerning the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to oral and maxillofacial surgery.

To acquire knowledge and skills of:

  • modern aseptic and antiseptic approach;
  • modern anesthetic agents in the dental practice;
  • anesthetic methods in the oral cavity;
  • teeth extraction methods;
  • adequate management of complications.

DETAILED CURRICULUM
The course "Preclinics of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery" provides theoretical and practical knowledge regarding:

  • Aseptics, antiseptics, preparation of the surgeon's hands and disinfection of the field of operation;
  • Planning and methodology of patient examination;
  • Paraclinical tests used in oral and maxillofacial surgery;
  • Surgical instruments;
  • Basic surgical procedures - wound suturing, hemostasis, incision, drainage and curettage;
  • Local anesthesia;
  • General and local preparation of the patient for anesthesia;
  • Topographic anatomy of the field of anesthesia in the maxillofacial region;
  • Anesthetic techniques required for tooth extraction;
  • Complications during and after local anesthesia, as well as their treatments;
  • Stages of extraction procedures of different types of teeth;
  • Complications during and after extraction of teeth, as well as their treatments;
  • Tooth extraction aftercare;
  • Methods of diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic periodontitis;
  • Methods of diagnosis and treatment of cysts of the jaws;
  • Paraclinical tests in acute odontogenic infection;
  • Odontogenic sinusitis - etiology, classification and methods of examination;
  • Principles of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases in the maxillofacial region - abscesses, phlegmons, periostitis, etc.;
  • Surgical anatomy of the oral and maxillofacial area and operative approaches;
  • Lymphadenitis - etiology, classification, and methods of examination;
  • Osteomyelitis of the jaws - etiology, pathogenesis, classification, and methods of examination;
  • Diseases of the salivary glands - etiology, classification and methods of examination; sialoadenitis; sialolithiasis;
  • Diseases of the mandibular joint - etiology, classification and examination methods;
  • Dental implantology;
  • Diseases of the cranial nerves - etiology, classification and methods of examination;
  • Preneoplastic lesions - etiology, classification and methods of examination;
  • Tumors of the oral cavity - general information, etiology, classification, general symptomatology of benign and malignant tumors in the maxillofacial region; examination of patients with benign and malignant tumors in the maxillofacial region;
  • Surgical interventions in patients with concomitant diseases and treatment of medically compromised patients;
  • Acquired defects and deformities in the maxillofacial region;
  • Congenital anomalies in the maxillofacial region - etiology, classification and methods of examination;
  • Trauma in the maxillofacial region - etiology, classification, general symptomatology, patient examination, basic principles of treatment of trauma in the maxillofacial region.

EXPECTED RESULTS
Upon graduation, students should have the following competencies:

  • Taking medical history and status; 
  • Application of aseptic and antiseptic principles; 
  • Use of modern anesthetic agents; 
  • Use of oral pain management methods;
  • Management of complications of anesthesia and teeth extraction.

The course consists of 60 lecturing hours and 120 hours of practical exercises.

The training in Preclinics of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is completed with a practical exam in the 14th and 15th week of the VIth semester and a theoretical examination after the end of the VIth semester.